Int. J. Simul. Multidisci. Des. Optim.
Volume 14, 2023
|Number of page(s)
|04 December 2023
Deformation mechanism finite element analysis and die geometry optimization of magnesium alloys by equal channel angular processing
School of materials science and engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, 250101, PR China
2 Jinan Technician Institute, Jinan, 250031, PR China
3 State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 August 2023
Magnesium alloys are one of the highly promising structural metals. hcp structure makes it less plastic at room temperature, which greatly limits the development of magnesium alloys. The problem of poor plastic deformation of magnesium alloy can be solved by grain refinement methods, and equal channel angle pressing is one of the more effective methods in grain refinement. In this paper, two-dimensional dynamic simulation of equal channel angle pressing of magnesium alloy is carried out by using finite element software DEFORM F2™. The deformation of magnesium alloy with different of die angles and die corner angles was analyzed. The results show that in the main deformation zone, when the die angles are different, the deformation of the workpiece in the horizontal direction is very uniform. However, in the longitudinal direction of the workpiece, the larger the die angle is, the more uniform the workpiece deformation is. The die corner angle has no significant effect on the uniformity of workpiece deformation in the longitudinal direction, but it has an effect on the dead zone area and workpiece warpage. The dead zone area and workpiece warpage increase with the increase of die angle.
Key words: Magnesium alloy / finite element method / numerical simulation / ECAP / die angle / die corner angle
© Z. Zou et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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