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Table 3.

Initial boundary conditions used for the CFD simulation.

Boundary Initial/boundary condition
Inlet flow (Condition 1) Temperature (T) = 293 K
Velocity (u) = 10 m/s; Reynolds number (Re) = 20,000
Wall (Conditions 2 and 3) Temperature = 393 K
Thermal wall function
Outlet flow (Condition 4) Convective heat flux
Pressure (p) = 0

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