Open Access

Table 1

Timeline of Technology Development.

Year Author Contribution
1943 W. McCulloch, W. Pitts Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
1990 Elman Simple Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)
1990 L.K. Hansen, P. Salamon Ensemble Learning
1994 Y. Bengio The issue with long term dependencies
1997 S. Hochreiter Long Short Term Memory ( LSTM)
2000 F.A. Gers LSTM with forget gates
2014 K. Cho Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU)
2014 A. Graves Neural Turing Machine (NTM)

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.